ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Commun Sci Disord. 2018;23(1): 180-197.
Published online March 31, 2018.
doi: https://doi.org/10.12963/csd.17451
Speech Mechanism Screening Test for Children: An Evaluation of Performance in 3- to 12-Year-Old Normal Developing Children
Jaeock Kima , Moonja Shinb , and Yun Kyung Songc
aDivision of Speech Pathology Education, Graduate School of Education, Kangnam University, Yongin, Korea
bDepartment of Speech-Language Pathology, College of Health Sciences, Chosun University, Gwangju, Korea
cDepartment of Communication Disorders, College of Health, Welfare and Education, Tongmyong University, Busan, Korea
Corresponding Author: Jaeock Kim ,Tel: +82-31-280-3221, Fax: +82-31-280-3479, Email: jaeock@gmail.com
Received October 10, 2017  Revised: January 17, 2018   Accepted January 25, 2018
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ABSTRACT
Objectives
The purpose of this study was to establish standardized scores for the Speech Mechanism Screening Test for Children (SMST-C).
Methods
Two hundred thirty-six normal developing children (111 boys and 125 girls) from 3 to 12 years of age were included in the study. They were examined with the SMST-C, which yields a total score from three sub-systems: structure/function, phonation/voice/articulation, and diadochokinesis (DDK)/maximum phonation time (MPT)/speech rate/DDK rate. DDK rate consists of alternative motion rates (AMR) of 5 syllables (/pʌ/, /tʌ/, /kʌ/, /lʌ/, and /kʌŋ/) and sequential motion rate (SMR) of /pʌtʌkʌ/.
Results
The total score of SMST-C was not significantly different according to age or gender. MPT and speech rate significantly increased with age. DDK rates in all syllables for AMR and SMR also increased with age. In addition, AMR of /tʌ/ (alveolar sound) was the fastest syllable among all mono-syllables and AMR of /kʌŋ/ (velar sound) was the slowest.
Conclusion
The results of this study provided normative data for speech mechanisms of children using SMST-C. SMST-C would be helpful for speech-language pathologists and other related professionals to screen for children with abnormal speech mechanisms.
Keywords: Speech mechanism screening test for children | Maximum phonation time | Speech rate | Diadochokinetic rate
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