ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Commun Sci Disord. 2018;23(1): 60-73.
Published online March 31, 2018.
doi: https://doi.org/10.12963/csd.18473
Expressive Elaboration in Personal Narratives and Fictional Narratives in Typically Developing Children
Jung-Mee Kim
Department of Communication Disorders, Korea Nazarene University, Cheonan, Korea
Corresponding Author: Jung-Mee Kim ,Tel: +82-41-570-1411, Fax: +82-41-570-7846, Email: jmkim@kornu.ac.kr
Received January 20, 2018  Revised: February 23, 2018   Accepted February 26, 2018
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ABSTRACT
Objectives
This study investigated expressive elaboration in personal narratives and fictional narratives in typically developing kindergartners and 2nd graders.
Methods
Twenty typically developing kindergartners and 2nd graders participated in this study. Personal narratives were elicited using conversational map procedures and fictional narratives were elicited using sequential picture tasks. Personal narratives and fictional narratives were scored for 14 elements of expressive elaboration in the categories of appendage, orientation, and evaluation. Main effects and interaction effects of grade, type of narrative and categories were analyzed. And children’s performance across 14 elements of personal narratives and fictional narratives were examined.
Results
There were main effects of grade, type of narrative, and categories. Second graders showed significantly better performance than kindergartners. The children showed significantly better performance in personal narratives than fictional narratives. Among the three categories, the children performed better to worse in orientation, evaluation and appendage, respectively. Also, second graders showed more significant differences in evaluation category compared to other categories. In appendage and orientation, the children’s performances were better in personal narratives, but in evaluation, the children’s performances were better in fictional narratives.
Conclusion
These results show expressive elaboration analysis can be an additional method for narrative assessment.
Keywords: Personal narrative | Fictional narrative | Expressive elaboration | Appendage | Orientation | Evaluation
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