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Commun Sci Disord. 2009;14(4): 563-573.
A Comparison of Equal-appearing Interval Scaling and Direct Magnitude Estimation in the Perceptual Judgment of Hypernasality
Seunghee Ha`
Copyright ©2009 The Korean Academy of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology
하승희(Seunghee Ha)
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Background & Objectives
It is important to use a valid and appropriate scaling system for the perceptual evaluation of speech disorders, including hypernasality. Although equal-appearing interval scaling (EAI) is the most popular scaling system for the evaluation of hypernasality in clinical settings and research, there are concerns about the validity of this method for hypernasality. The purpose of this study was to compare EAI and Direct Magnitude Estimation (DME), which is another scaling system for the perceptual judgment of hypernasality, and to determine which scaling system is more valid.
Speech samples were obtained from 28 children with cleft palate, and 10 listeners performed the perceptual evaluation of hypernasality using EAI and DME. The relationship between the results from the EAI and DME were investigated based on visual inspection and analysis of models.
Visual inspection and analysis of models demonstrated a curvilinear relationship between the two measures.
Discussion & Conclusion
The results suggest that listeners have difficulty partitioning hypernasality into equal-appearing intervals because hypernasality is additive, quantitative, and prothetic in nature. These findings verify that the DME is a more valid method for the evaluation of hypernasality than the EAI
Keywords: 과대비성 | 청지각적 평가 | 등간 척도 | 직접 크기 측정법(direct magnitude estimation | DME) | 타당도 hypernasality | perceptual judgment
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