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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Commun Sci Disord. 2021;26(1): 69-95.
Published online March 31, 2021.
doi: https://doi.org/10.12963/csd.21791
A Longitudinal Analysis of Self-Perceived Social Communication Competence Profiles of Korean Multicultural Adolescents according to Regional Size, Cultural and Linguistic Background: Middle and High School Students
Eun Ju Lee
The Special Education Research Institute (SERI), Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea
Corresponding Author: Eun Ju Lee ,Tel: +82-10-7335-1953, Fax: +82-2-3277-2679, Email: imfedra@naver.com
Received January 5, 2021  Revised: February 5, 2021   Accepted February 17, 2021
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ABSTRACT
Objectives
This study was analyzed using the data of 2013 Korean Educational Longitudinal Study (KELS), a Korean adolescents panel study, to examine the social communication competence (SCC) of Korean multicultural adolescents according to residential area, linguacultural background.
Methods
Group differences for the SCC questionnaire assessment and scores were analyzed using MANOVAs with group (two levels: multicultural adolescents, monocultural adolescents) as a between factor (regional size, birth regions, language of use).
Results
1) Multicultural adolescents were significantly lower in the evaluation of ‘easy and accurate speaking or giving examples in consideration of listeners’ compared to monocultural adolescents (F= 5.23*, p< .05; F= 7.78**, p< .005). 2) As a result of analyzing the interaction of the SCC assessment according to the culture group and regional area, multicultural adolescents living in Seoul had higher SCC scores and questionnaires than monocultural adolescents, but multicultural adolescents living in metropolitan cities had a much lower overall SCC evaluation (F= 3.33*, p= 5.05). 3) The multicultural adolescents living in town and villages were significantly higher in terms of ‘listening to friends’ than those of other cultural and regional group (F= 2.96*, p< .05). 4) The questionnaire of ‘sympathy for thoughts and feelings of friends’ was more likely to be evaluated by multicultural adolescents born in Korea than born in foreign countries (F= 2.76 , p= 0.09).
Conclusion
The SCC questionnaire assessment and scores were found to be influenced by residential area and linguacultural background factors. Therefore, clinicians should consider the SCC evaluation of multicultural adolescents and their interpretation of the evaluation results, as well as their residential and linguacultural background.
Keywords: Social communication competence | Multicultural Adolescents | 2013 KELS | Residential area | Linguaculture background
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