ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Commun Sci Disord. 2018;23(1): 109-118.
Published online March 31, 2018.
doi: https://doi.org/10.12963/csd.18476
Correlation between Children’s Pragmatic Language Checklist and Conversation Observations
So Jung Oh
Department of Communication Disorders, Tongmyong University, Busan, Korea
Corresponding Author: So Jung Oh ,Tel: +82-51-629-2132, Fax: +82-51-629-2019, Email: sjoh@tu.ac.kr
Received January 26, 2018  Revised: February 27, 2018   Accepted February 27, 2018
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ABSTRACT
Objectives
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the Children’s Pragmatic Language Checklist (CPLC) and communication skill in actual conversation to examine the clinical validity of CPLC and to see whether it reflects communication skills in everyday life.
Methods
Fourteen 1-4 grade school-age children with typical language development and fourteen age-matched children with pragmatic language problems participated in conversation sampling; their parents filled out the CPLC questionnaire. Conversation observation measures were matched with CPLC subarea. Differences between the two groups were statistically examined using two independent sample t-tests; the relationship between CPLC scores and conversation observation measures was measured by Pearson’s correlation coefficient.
Results
The t-test analysis revealed that group differences were more salient in CPLC scores than conversation observation measures. The correlations coefficient between CPLC scores and some conversation sample measures were statistically significant (mostly .40-.60), implying moderate correlation. Topic management measures, including appropriate/inappropriate topic initiation and maintenance rate, were mostly correlated to CPLC total score and subscores.
Conclusion
CPLC can reflect communication skills in real conversation, but it is not clear which CPLC scores are related to certain measures. As discussed in previous studies, pragmatic assessment procedures may vary in degrees of correlation, which can create group difference among clinical groups. The results were discussed in terms of pragmatic skills assessment in clinical practice.
Keywords: Pragmatic language | Checklist | Conversation skills | School-age children | Conversation observation measures
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