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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Commun Sci Disord. 2011;16(1): 74-82.
Characteristics of Diadochokinesis in Hypokinetic Dysarthria: Rate and Regularity
EunYoung Jung` , Sung-Rae Cho` , YunJung Kim` , and HyangHee Kim`
Copyright ©2011 The Korean Academy of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology
정은영(EunYoung Jung)|조성래(Sung-Rae Cho)|김윤정(YunJung Kim)|김향희(HyangHee Kim)
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ABSTRACT

Background & Objectives
There have been few studies on diadochokinetic performance in patients with hypokinetic dysarthria. In this study, differences in the rates and regularities of DDK tasks were compared between hypokinetic dysarthria patients and normal subjects. In addition, the differences between a mild and moderate form of the disorder were compared based on speech intelligibility.
Methods
Eleven patients with mild hypokinetic dysarthria, seven with moderate hypokinetic dysarthria, and 26 normal controls were asked to perform DDK tasks. The subjects were asked to perform both AMR and SMR tasks which were acoustically analyzed using the Motor Speech Profile™(Model 4500) and the Praat computer program.
Results
The hypokinetic dysarthria group demonstrated relatively slower rates of AMR compared to those of the normal group, while the rates of the SMR group were within the normal range. The hypokinetic group demonstrated irregular patterns in both AMR and SMR tasks compared to those of the normal group. In addition, hypokinetic dysarthria patients with different severities did not exhibit any differences in the rates of completion for the AMR and SMR tasks. However, the repetition of /p˄/ and /t˄/ in the AMR and the SMR tasks were more irregular in mild hypokinetic patients than they were in normal subjects, whereas the repetition of /k˄/ was more irregular in moderate hypokinetic patients than it was in the mild group.
Discussion & Conclusion
The results of this study show the objective measurement of diadochokinetic performance in patients with hypokinetic dysarthria. Furthermore, these results made a significant contribution by analyzing the differences in diadochokinetic performance according to the severity of dysarthria.
Keywords: 조음교대운동 | 운동감소형 마비말장애 | 속도 | 규칙성 | diadochokinesis | hypokinetic dysarthria | rate
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Characteristics of Vowel Space and Speech Intelligibility in Patients with Spastic Dysarthria  2014 September;19(3)
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