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Commun Sci Disord. 2008;13(2): 282-307.
Development and Standardization of a Screening Test for Students At-Risk for Learning Disabilities
Ae Hwa Kim` , Hyun Ki Shin` , Joonsuk Yi` , Mina Hwang` , Kyeong Gun Han` , and Hyun Park`
Copyright ©2008 The Korean Academy of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology
김애화(Ae Hwa Kim)| 신현기(Hyun Ki Shin)| 이준석(Joonsuk Yi)| 황민아(Mina Hwang)| 한경근(Kyeong Gun Han)| 박현(Hyun Park)
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Background & Objectives
The first step toward providing special education for students with learning disabilities (LD) is to appropriately screen students at-risk for LD. However, there are a limited number of screening tests available. The purposes of this study were to develop a research-based, screening test for students at-risk for LD and to conduct a standardization study to examine the reliability and validity of this test.
Through extensive literature and existing test reviews with feedback from experts and teachers, six scales were developed: (a) reading, (b) writing, (c) mathematics, (d) listening, (e) speaking, and (f) thinking/reasoning. Each item describes specific behaviors associated with students with LD or at-risk for LD. The standardization sample for the screening test included 1264 students.
The results of internal consistency reliability, split-half reliability, and standard error of measurement demonstrated satisfactory reliability. Similarly, the results of content validity, construct validity, and concurrent validity demonstrated satisfactory validity.
Discussion & Conclusion
Results are discussed in terms of the value of the test as a credible screening test to inform educators' efforts to provide instructional support for students at-risk for LD. Instructional suggestions are provided for educators and the limitations of the study are discussed.
Keywords: 학습장애 | 위험학생 | 선별 | 교수 | 표준화 | 신뢰도 | 타당도
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