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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Commun Sci Disord. 2005;10(2): 43-60.
The Effects of Auditory Stimulation on Word Recognition of the Children with ADHD
Hye Yun Chun` , and Mina Hwang`
Copyright ©2005 The Korean Academy of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology
전혜윤(Hye Yun Chun)| 황민아(Mina Hwang)
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ABSTRACT
In the present study, we investigated the effect of auditory stimulation on the performances of ADHD children on word recognition task. The under-arousal model of ADHD predicts that ADHD children will perform better with auditory stimulation. Fifteen children with ADHD of grade 1 and 2, and 15 normal children with matched reading skills participated in the study. On the word recognition task, the children were asked to find a previously given target word among three words that varied by only one letter. They performed the word recognition task in two different conditions, with and without background music. Without the background music, the ADHD children made significantly more errors than the normal children, but the mean reaction times(RTs) did not significantly differ across the groups. When background music was provided, the ADHD children’s RTs were significantly reduced and their error rates did not change. The presence of background music did not affect the performance accuracy and RTs of the normal children on the word recognition task. The results indicate that auditory stimulation has positive effects on ADHD children’s word recognition.
Keywords: 주의력결핍 과잉행동 장애(ADHD) | 청각자극 | 철자인지과제 | Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder(ADHD) | auditory stimulation | word recognition task
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