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Commun Sci Disord. 2004;9(2): 19-32.
A Study of Early Subject Acquisition in Korean
Hee Ran Lee`
Copyright ©2004 The Korean Academy of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology
이희란(Hee Ran Lee)
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The present study was designed to investigate the acquisition of four Korean semantic particles and features of overt and null subjects/topics using longitudinal data from two, two-year-old, Korean children. Data were collected every two weeks from the age of 24 to 34 months(2;0 - 2;10) at the children’s home with their mother. The results suggested that the Korean children produce the subjects as a bare nominal, as a null subject, and as a subject with particles in the early acquisition stage(from the age of 2;0). The major findings of this study indicate that the contrastive marker ‘n(un)’ is used more often than the discourse-topic marker ‘n(un)’ in accordance with their respective mother’s input. The discourse-pragmatics hypothesis assumes that the child’s null arguments stem from pragmatics features of discourse. It is also proposed that the discourse-pragmatic features such as contrast information are a potential explanation in addition to given information for the production of subject arguments in early language acquisition in Korean.
Keywords: 언어발달 | 주어습득 | 문법형태소 | 주제표지 | 주격조사 | 담화-화용적 기능 | language acquisition
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