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Commun Sci Disord. 2004;9(1): 57-77.
An Analysis of Vocabulary in Storybooks for Preschool Children
Hyeon Jin Lee` , and Joo Phil Kim`
Copyright ©2004 The Korean Academy of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology
이현진(Hyeon Jin Lee)| 김주필(Joo Phil Kim)
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There has been evidence that the amount of reading children do predicts their vocabulary size. The more books children read, the bigger size of vocabulary they have. It is thus very crucial for children to be exposed to reading materials appropriate for each child’s level of cognitive development. The storybook might be the best source of reading for preschool children. This paper thus attempts to analyze the types and the grammatical categories of the vocabulary used in 260 storybooks and guidebooks for the education of kindergarten children. The results show that the storybooks include original Korean words much more than the words originated from the Chinese language or other foreign languages in terms of vocabulary type and that more nouns than verbs are used. Based on the results of the present study and incorporating Kim’s(2002) suggestions, we have recommended a set of criteria for the selection of lexical classes which is deemed appropriate for the education of Korean to the kindergarteners.
Keywords: 동화책 | 어휘 | 품사 | 어종 | 기초 어휘 선정 | storybook | vocabulary
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