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Commun Sci Disord. 2010;15(2): 168-176.
Semantic Processing in Children with Poor Reading Comprehension: Semantic Priming Effect during Word Reading
Kyung-Soon Choi` , and Mina Hwang`
Copyright ©2010 The Korean Academy of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology
최경순(Kyung-Soon Choi)| 황민아(Mina Hwang)
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Background & Objectives
It has been reported in many studies that children with poor reading comprehension (poor comprehenders) exhibit impairments in various language skills. However, such reports are mostly based on their performances on standardized language tests and studies tapping their underlying language processing are limited. In the present study, we investigated whether Korean-speaking poor comprehenders exhibit semantic priming effect during lexical decision tasks.
Fifteen poor comprehenders in grades 4-6 and 15 typically developing children participated in the study. The children were asked to perform a lexical decision task on target words preceeded by either semantically related words or unrelated words. Both the target words and the preceeding priming words were visually presented on a computer screen.
Both the poor readers and typically developing children showed a semantic priming effect where there lexical decision times on target words following semantically related words were significantly faster than those following unrelated words. However, the poor readers were significantly slower than the typically developing children in the overall lexical decision times.
Discussion & Conclusion
The significant effects of semantic priming in both groups indicate that the processing pattern of word meaning appeared to be similar in both groups of children. However, slower lexical decision times of the poor readers indicate that their processing of word meaning may be less effective than typically developing peers
Keywords: 읽기이해부진아동 | 점화과제 | 단어의미처리 | 어휘판단과제 children with poor reading comprehension | priming tasks | word semantic processing | lexical decision tasks.
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