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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Commun Sci Disord. 2001;6(1): 1-14.
The Early Communicative Behaviors of Children with Spastic Cerebral Palsy
Ji Eun Park` , Min a Hwang` , Eun Sook Park` , and Ji Cheol Shin`
Copyright ©2001 The Korean Academy of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology
박지은(Ji Eun Park)| 황민아(Min a Hwang)| 박은숙(Eun Sook Park)| 신지철(Ji Cheol Shin)
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ABSTRACT
We investigated the communicative behaviors of children with cerebral palsy (CP children) and two groups of normally dev e lop in g ch ildr en - ch ildr en with mat ch in g chr on olog ical ag e (CA ch ildr en ) an d ch ildr en with mat ch in g men t al ab ilit ies (MA ch ildr en ) . T h e t ot al fr e qu en cy , forms (g es tur e , v oc alizat ion ) , an d fun ct ions (b eh av ior alr e gulat ion , s ocial in t er a ct ion , j oin t at t en t ion ) of c ommun ic at iv e b eh av ior s wer e e x amin e d in s tr uctur e d p lays . In addit ion , th e differ en t typ es of v oc alizat ion (v o calizat ion with cons on ants , mult is y llab ic v ocalizat ions , wor ds , mult iwor ds ) of CP ch ildr en wer e c omp ar e d with th e two n ormal gr oups . T h er e wer e n o s ign ific an t differ en ces in th e t ot al fr e quen cy of c ommun icat iv e b eh av ior s b e twe en th e gr oups . In th e fr e quen cy of v o calizat ion , th e CP ch ildr en v o calize d s ign ific an t ly les s th an th e CA ch ildr en . T h e thr e e gr oups of ch ildr en wer e n ot s ignificant ly differ ent fr om on e an oth er in th e fr e quen cies of g es tur es . T h er e wer e n o s ignificant gr oup differ en ces in th e fun ct ions of c ommun ic at ion . Vo calizat ion with c ons on an ts , mults y llab ic v o - c alizat ion , an d th e fr e qu en cy of wor d us e wer e lower for th e CP ch ildr en wh en c omp ar e d with CA ch ildr en , b ut th er e wer e n o s ignificant differ en ces wh en comp ar e d with th e MA ch ildr en . Alth ough th e CP ch ildr en wer e n ot s ign ifican t ly differ en t fr om th e MA ch ildr en in th e t ot al fr e quen cy of commun ic at ion , a r e gr es s ion b e twe en th e ment al s k ills an d th e commun ic at iv e b eh av ior s of e a ch gr oup y ie lde d differ en t r es ults . On ly th e MA ch ildr en s h owe d lin e ar r e lat ion b e twe en th e two as p e cts wh ile th e CP ch ildr en did n ot.
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