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Commun Sci Disord. 2021;26(4): 933-943.
Published online December 31, 2021.
doi: https://doi.org/10.12963/csd.21857
Comparison of Voice-Related Quality of Life for the Elderly with and without Voice Disorders According to Genders by Aging Voice Index-Korean Version
Hwa-Young Pyoa , Jae-Yol Limb , Sung-Eun Limc , and Seung Jin Leed
aDepartment of Speech and Language Pathology, Chosun University, Gwangju, Korea
bDepartment of Otorhinolaryngology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
cVoice Clinic, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Seoul, Korea
dDepartment of Speech Pathology and Audiology, Research Institute of Audiology and Speech Pathology, Hallym University, Chuncheon, Korea
Corresponding Author: Seung Jin Lee ,Tel: +82-33-248-2223, Fax: +82-33-256-3420, Email: sjl@hallym.ac.kr
Received October 5, 2021  Revised: November 15, 2021   Accepted November 17, 2021
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The present study was performed to investigate the effect of voice problems on voice related quality of life in the elderly with, without voice disorders, according to genders by using the Aging Voice Index-Korean version (AVI-KR).
The AVI-KR, a translated original version of the Aging Voice Index (AVI) into Korean and verified for reliability and validity, was implemented with 50 elderly people without voice disorders (normal group) and 76 elderly people with voice disorders (patient group). Statistical difference according to the group (normal and patient group) and gender (male and female) were analyzed by using a 2-way ANOVA.
The mean total score of the AVI-KR of the normal group was significantly higher than that of the patient group. All of the normal group participants showed under 11.00, the cut-off score of AVI-KR, but 17.1% of the patient group appeared under the cut-off score. The female group showed higher scores than the male group, but the difference was not significant. Also, the gender difference of patient groups did not show a statistical significance.
The voice-related quality of life in elderly people showed significant difference according to presence/absence of pathological vocal fold status, but the gender difference due to aging did not cause a difference in voice-related quality of life. Even pathological status of vocal fold did not guarantee a bad influence on voice-related quality of life. Therefore, the assessment of elderly people’s voice problems should be carried out not only with an examiner or expert-centered objective tools; but also patient-centered ones, including self-reporting questionnaires and evaluation tools specialized for the elderly, should be developed continuously.
Keywords: Aging voice | Normal elderly people | Elderly voice disorder patients | Gender difference | Aging Voice Index-Korean version (AVI-KR)
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