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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Commun Sci Disord. 2021;26(4): 820-833.
Published online December 31, 2021.
doi: https://doi.org/10.12963/csd.21862
A Survey on AAC Fringe Vocabulary to Support Personal Assistance Service
Daeun Parka , and Sangeun Shinb
aGraduate Program in Speech-Language Pathology, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Korea
bDepartment of Speech-Language Pathology, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Korea
Corresponding Author: Sangeun Shin ,Tel: +82-42-821-6392, Fax: +82-42-823-3667, Email: sashin@cnu.ac.kr
Received October 5, 2021  Revised: November 23, 2021   Accepted December 2, 2021
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ABSTRACT
Objectives
There are increasing demands for personal assistance services which help the disabled to carry out their daily life. To use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) approaches more effectively in daily communication, it is essential to include the appropriate core and fringe vocabulary in the AAC system. Considering the fact that there are few studies in Korea which have reported fringe vocabulary compared to core vocabulary, this study is aimed to develop a noun list that can be used to promote interactive communication between the disabled and their assistants in each communication situation.
Methods
A literature review was conducted to elicit frequently used nouns in each communication situation. Then, a survey was carried out to identify nouns with high word commonality across 105 personal assistants.
Results
Sixty-three nouns with more than 50% of word commonality across personal assistants were identified from the 244 fringe vocabulary; consisting of 112 nouns in the area of going out, 29 in cleaning, 27 in personal hygiene, 26 in cooking, 20 in meal supporting, 20 in other service areas, and 10 in commuting.
Conclusion
The identified nouns are expected to help people with complex communication needs to express their needs and wants more clearly and effectively using those nouns embedded in their AAC systems. The list of nouns can be used not only for people who receive personal assistance services, but also for people who rely on AAC systems to express their daily needs.
Keywords: Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) | Fringe vocabulary | Noun | Personal assistance service | Word commonality
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