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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Commun Sci Disord. 2021;26(3): 568-588.
Published online September 30, 2021.
doi: https://doi.org/10.12963/csd.21834
Relationship between ‘Language and Emergent Literacy’ before School Age and Literacy Performance Levels for First and Second Graders: Data Mining Decision Tree Model Analysis
Eun Ju Lee
The Special Education Research Institute (SERI), Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea
Corresponding Author: Eun Ju Lee ,Tel: +82-10-7335-1953, Fax: +82-2-3277-2679, Email: imfedra@naver.com
Received July 5, 2021  Revised: July 27, 2021   Accepted July 27, 2021
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ABSTRACT
Objectives
The purpose of this study was to identify factors (language and emergent literacy before school age) affecting Hangul reading and writing performance level in the first and second grades of elementary school.
Methods
A decision tree analysis was conducted to examine the Panel Study on Korean Children (PSKC) of the Korea Institute of Child Care and Education (KICCE) on the 7th (kindergarten, 6 years old), 8th (first grade, 7 years old), and 9th data (second grade, 8 years old).
Results
Reading and writing performance levels of 1st and 2nd grade children were related to reading first grade books independently with comprehension, reading most words correctly and answering questions about what was read, making predictions while reading, and retelling story after reading. Children with reading levels within the top 20 percent frequently chose reading & writing-related activities, frequently looked at or read books for pleasure or to gain information, looked for books related to a personal interest or class topic, listened with interest and concentration to stories read aloud, made rhyme words, followed directions that include a series of actions, and were able to write relatively simple words such as ‘mom’ and ‘dad’.
Conclusion
The findings are expected to serve as a basis for understanding what areas of literacy education should be given to children with low reading and writing performance.
Keywords: PSKC | Reading | Writing | Emergent literacy | Decision tree analysis
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