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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Commun Sci Disord. 2021;26(1): 96-107.
Published online March 31, 2021.
doi: https://doi.org/10.12963/csd.20765
Irony Comprehension in High-Functioning ASD Children according to Question Types and Task Types and Relationships between ToM and Irony Ability
Suyoung Choia , Seungha Songb , and Young Tae Kima
aDepartment of Communication Disorders, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea
bSAM Child Language Development Center, Seoul, Korea
Corresponding Author: Young Tae Kim ,Tel: +82-2-3277-2120, Fax: +82-2-3277-2122, Email: youngtae@ewha.ac.kr
Received October 5, 2020  Revised: November 1, 2020   Accepted November 15, 2020
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ABSTRACT
Objectives
The purpose of This study was to investigate if there were significant differences in Irony comprehension according to question types and task types between children with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (HF-ASD) and typically developing children (TD) and to determine the relationship between Theory of Mind (ToM) and Irony ability.
Methods
12 HF-ASD children and 12 TD children who were matched on age, receptive vocabulary, sentence comprehension participated in this study. The irony task consisted of 14 open-ended and 14 multiple-choice questions, containing 7 narration type and 7 Comic strips each. The Theory of Mind task consisted of 5 stories. A three-way mixed ANOVA and Pearson correlation coefficient were used for the analysis.
Results
Results showed that the HF-ASD group performed significantly poorer than the TD group on the Irony comprehension task. The HF-ASD group showed significantly lower performance with both question types, especially on open-ended questions. Both tasks showed significantly lower performance on the open-ended questions type than multiple-choice questions type. But neither groups showed significant differences between the performances on task types. Lastly, there was significant correlation between the performance of ToM and Irony ability of the HF-ASD group, but not for the TD group.
Conclusion
These results indicate that HF-ASD children’s have a weakness in comprehension of Irony compared with TD children, especially in open-ended questions that require linguistic and pragmatic demands. And the ability to understand mental state is related to irony comprehension in children with HF-ASD, but not in TD children.
Keywords: Irony | High functioning ASD | Theory of Mind
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