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Commun Sci Disord. 2021;26(4): 773-784.
Published online December 31, 2021.
doi: https://doi.org/10.12963/csd.21854
A Longitudinal Study of the Effects of Children’s Temperament and Parenting Behavior on Vocabulary Development in Children: Mediation Effect of Parenting Behavior
Yoonhee Yanga , Dongsun Yimb , Soojin Ohb , and Minji Kangb
aThe Special Education Research Institute, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea
bDepartment of Communication Disorders, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea
Corresponding Author: Dongsun Yim ,Tel: +82-2-3277-6720, Fax: +82-2-3277-2122, Email: sunyim@ewha.ac.kr
Received October 3, 2021  Revised: November 9, 2021   Accepted November 19, 2021
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This study aimed to help the understanding of children’s temperament and parenting behavior by examining how the temperament and parenting of 3-year-olds affect the vocabulary development of 7-year-old children entering school age.
The study group consisted of a total of four groups based on the scores of the Receptive and Expressive Vocabulary Test (REVT; Kim et al., 2009). The dataset was obtained through the Panel Study on Korean Children.
1) There was no statistically significant difference between the four groups in the distribution pattern of children’s temperament type, however there was a statistically significant difference between the four groups in the distribution pattern by parenting behavior type. 2) In Group 1, there was a significant positive correlation between vocabulary at 7 years of age and parenting behavior of 3 years olds. In addition, Group 2 and 4, which showed a delay in vocabulary at the age of 7 years, showed that the emotional temperament of 3-year-old children was correlated with their 7-year-old vocabulary. 3) In Group 1, It was found that the emotional (negative) and sociality of children at the age of 3 significantly explained the vocabulary ability at the age of 7 by mediating the parent’s didactic parenting behavior.
This study confirmed that the vocabulary prediction model of Group 1, which showed normal vocabulary development in both 3-year-olds and 7-year-olds, was statistically significant.
Keywords: Children’s temperament | Parenting behavior | Vocabulary abilities | Longitudinal study
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