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Commun Sci Disord. 2020;25(4): 938-953.
Published online December 31, 2020.
doi: https://doi.org/10.12963/csd.20761
A Grounded Theory Analysis on the Life Experiences of Adults who Stutter
Soyoung Choia , Miseung Songb , and Moonja Shinc
aMokpo speech language hearing center, Mokpo, Korea
bDepartment of Nursing, Sehan University, Yeongam, Korea
cDivision of Speech-Language Pathology, Chosun University, Gwangju, Korea
Corresponding Author: Miseung Song ,Tel: + 82-6-1469-1477, Fax: +82-6-1469-1477, Email: sms5956@hanmail.net
Received October 5, 2020  Revised: November 13, 2020   Accepted November 18, 2020
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The purpose of this study was to offer a theoretical framework for speech language pathologists in the clinical field and community to use or identifying the life experiences of adults who stutter.
This study was based on the Grounded Theory method provided by Strauss & Corbin (1998), which study included 10 adults who stutter.
The core phenomenon in the life experiences of adults who stutter was identified as “Unconscious occupation of stuttering: yoke”. The causal conditions of the core phenomenon were found to be “Awareness of stuttering” and “Object of ridicule”. This was reinforced by the contextual conditions of “Tension”, “Fear” and “Withdrawal”. “Preconceived expectations”, “Passion for accomplishment” and “Open mind” were found to be the intervening conditions regarding this core phenomenon. Among strategies reported for the core phenomenon were “Positive advances”, “Struggle alone”, “Self-repression”. Those strategies made them “Adaptation”, “Self-torment”, “Helpless” and “Giving-up”. The life experiences of adults who stutter were classified into four types, and the process was analyzed as “Emergence stages”, “Internalization stages” and “Transition stages”.
It was discussed and ultimately decided that the development and application of practical intervention and counseling programs were required based on the type and process of life experiences of people who stutter.
Keywords: Adults who stutter | Life experiences | Grounded theory
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